ISCST3 Tech Guide

Gaussian Plume Air Dispersion Model

8. References

Bowers, J.F., J.R. Bjorklund and C.S. Cheney, 1979: Industrial Source Complex (ISC) Dispersion Model User's Guide. Volume I, EPA-450/4-79-030, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711.

Bowers, J.R., J.R. Bjorklund and C.S. Cheney, 1979: Industrial Source Complex (ISC) Dispersion Model User's Guide. Volume II, EPA-450/4-79-031, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711.

Briggs, G.A., 1969, Plume Rise, USAEC Critical Review Series, TID-25075, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161.

Briggs, G.A., 1979: Some Recent Analyses of Plume Rise Observations, In Proceedings of the Second International Clean Air Congress, Academic Press, New York.

Briggs, G.A., 1972: Discussion on Chimney Plumes in Neutral and Stable Surroundings. Atmos. Environ., 6, 507-510.

Briggs, G.A., 1974: Diffusion Estimation for Small Emissions. In ERL, ARL USAEC Report ATDL-106. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Briggs, G.A., 1975: Plume Rise Predications. In Lectures on Air Pollution and Environmental Impact Analysis, American Meteorological Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Byun, D.W. and R. Dennis, 1995: Design Artifacts in Eulerian Air Quality Models: Evaluation of the Effects of Layer Thickness and Vertical Profile Correction on Surface Ozone Concentrations. Atmos. Environ., 29, 105-126.

Chico, T. and J.A. Catalano, 1986: Addendum to the User's Guide for MPTER. Contract No. EPA 68-02-4106, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711.

Cramer, H.E., et al., 1972: Development of Dosage Models and Concepts. Final Report Under Contract DAAD09-67-C-0020(R) with the U.S. Army, Desert Test Center Report DTC-TR-609, Fort Douglas, Utah.

Dumbauld, R.K. and J.R. Bjorklund, 1975: NASA/MSFC Multilayer Diffusion Models and Computer Programs -- Version 5. NASA Contractor Report No. NASA CR-2631, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, George C. Marshall Space Center, Alabama.

Dyer, A.J., 1974: A review of flux-profile relationships. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 7, 363-372.

Environmental Protection Agency, 1985: Guideline for Determination of Good Engineering Practice Stack Height (Technical Support Document for the Stack Height Regulations) - Revised, EPA-450/4-80-023R, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711. (NTIS No. PB 85-225241)

Environmental Protection Agency, 1992. Comparison of a Revised Area Source Algorithm for the Industrial Source Complex Short Term Model and Wind Tunnel Data. EPA Publication No. EPA-454/R-92-014. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. (NTIS No. PB 93-226751)

Environmental Protection Agency, 1992. Sensitivity Analysis of a Revised Area Source Algorithm for the Industrial Source Complex Short Term Model. EPA Publication No. EPA-454/R-92-015. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. (NTIS No. PB 93-226769)

Environmental Protection Agency, 1992. Development and Evaluation of a Revised Area Source Algorithm for the Industrial Source Complex Long Term Model. EPA Publication No. EPA-454/R-92-016. U.S. Environ-mental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. (NTIS No. PB 93-226777)

Environmental Protection Agency, 1994. Development and Testing of a Dry Deposition Algorithm (Revised). EPA Publication No. EPA-454/R-94-015. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. (NTIS No. PB 94-183100)

Gifford, F.A., Jr. 1976: Turbulent Diffusion - Typing Schemes: A Review. Nucl. Saf., 17, 68-86.

Hicks, B.B., 1982: Critical assessment document on acid deposition. ATDL Contrib. File No. 81/24, Atmos. Turb. and Diff. Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

Holzworth, G.C., 1972: Mixing Heights, Wind Speeds and Potential for Urban Air Pollution Throughout the Contiguous United States. Publication No. AP-101, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711.

Horst, T.W., 1983: A correction to the Gaussian source-depletion model. In Precipitation Scavenging, Dry Deposition and Resuspension, H.R. Pruppacher, R.G. Semonin, W.G.N. Slinn, eds., Elsevier, NY.

Huber, A.H. and W.H. Snyder, 1976: Building Wake Effects on Short Stack Effluents. Preprint Volume for the Third Symposium on Atmospheric Diffusion and Air Quality, American Meteorological Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Huber, A.H. and W.H. Snyder, 1982. Wind tunnel investigation of the effects of a rectangular-shaped building on dispersion of effluents from short adjacent stacks. Atmos. Environ., 176, 2837-2848.

Huber, A.H., 1977: Incorporating Building/Terrain Wake Effects on Stack Effluents. Preprint Volume for the Joint Conference on Applications of Air Pollution Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, Massachusetts.

Jindal, M. and D. Heinold, 1991: Development of particulate scavenging coefficients to model wet deposition from industrial combustion sources. Paper 91-59.7, 84th Annual Meeting - Exhibition of AWMA, Vancouver, BC, June 16-21, 1991.

McDonald, J.E., 1960: An Aid to Computation of Terminal Fall Velocities of Spheres. J. Met., 17, 463.

McElroy, J.L. and F. Pooler, 1968: The St. Louis Dispersion Study. U.S. Public Health Service, National Air Pollution Control Administration, Report AP-53.

National Climatic Center, 1970: Card Deck 144 WBAN Hourly Surface Observations Reference Manual 1970, Available from the National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, North Carolina 28801.

Pasquill, F., 1976: Atmospheric Dispersion Parameters in Gaussian Plume Modeling. Part II. Possible Requirements for Change in the Turner Workbook Values. EPA-600/4-76-030b, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711.

Perry, S.G., R.S. Thompson, and W.B. Petersen, 1994: Considerations for Modeling Small-Particulate Impacts from Surface Coal Mining Operations Based on Wind-Tunnel Simulations. Proceedings Eighth Joint Conference on Applications of Air Pollution Meteorology, January 23-28, Nashville, TN.

Petersen, W.B. and E.D. Rumsey, 1987: User's Guide for PAL 2.0 - A Gaussian-Plume Algorithm for Point, Area, and Line Sources, EPA/600/8-87/009, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

Pleim, J., A. Venkatram and R. Yamartino, 1984: ADOM/TADAP model development program. Volume 4. The dry deposition module. Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Rexdale, Ontario.

Press, W., B. Flannery, S. Teukolsky, and W. Vetterling, 1986: Numerical Recipes, Cambridge University Press, New York, 797 pp.

Schulman, L.L. and S.R. Hanna, 1986: Evaluation of Downwash Modifications to the Industrial Source Complex Model. J. Air Poll. Control Assoc., 36 (3), 258-264.

Schulman, L.L. and J.S. Scire, 1980: Buoyant Line and Point Source (BLP) Dispersion Model User's Guide. Document P-7304B, Environmental Research and Technology, Inc., Concord, MA.

Scire, J.S. and L.L. Schulman, 1980: Modeling Plume Rise from Low-Level Buoyant Line and Point Sources. Proceedings Second Joint Conference on Applications of Air Pollution Meteorology, 24-28 March, New Orleans, LA. 133-139.

Scire, J.S., D.G. Strimaitis and R.J. Yamartino, 1990: Model formulation and user's guide for the CALPUFF dispersion model. Sigma Research Corp., Concord, MA.

Slinn, W.G.N., 1982: Predictions for particle deposition to vegetative canopies. Atmos. Environ., 16, 1785-1794.

Slinn, S.A. and W.G.N. Slinn, 1980: Predictions for particle deposition and natural waters. Atmos. Environ., 14, 1013-1016.

Thompson, R.S., 1994: Residence Time of Contaminants Released in Surface Coal Mines -- A Wind Tunnel Study. Proceedings Eighth Joint Conference on Applications of Air Pollution Meteorology, January 23-28, Nashville, TN.

Touma, J.S., J.S. Irwin, J.A. Tikvart, and C.T. Coulter, 1995. A Review of Procedures for Updating Air Quality Modeling Techniques for Regulatory Modeling Programs. J. App. Meteor., 34, 731-737.

Turner, D.B., 1970: Workbook of Atmospheric Dispersion Estimates. PHS Publication No. 999-AP-26. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, National Air Pollution Control Administration, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Yamartino, R.J., J.S. Scire, S.R. Hanna, G.R. Carmichael and Y.S. Chang, 1992: The CALGRID mesoscale photochemical grid model. Volume I. Model formulation. Atmos. Environ., 26A, 1493-1512.